Data related to "South Fork Boys"

Battle of Kings Mountain, 7 October 1780

NOTE: ELE SCPA Indicates individuals identified in William L. Anderson III, ELE "Lincoln County Men at Kings Mountain" , pp.25-26, as being from 1780 Lincoln County NC and having a Revolutionary War pension statement available.

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  1. Google Aheron, Piper Peters, Gastonia and Gaston County, North Carolina, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, 2001. Per this book:
    • William Chronicle, starting at age 14, fought in the Cherokee actions, p.13 [Note: Elsewhere Chronicle's d.o.b. is given as ca. 1755 making him be ~20 in 1775, ~25 in 1780]
    • Chronicle was at Battle of Savannah, p. 13
    • Chronicle organized 20 men in a group called "South Fork Boys", and fought in the hottest spot in the Kings Mountain Battle, and was killed there. P. 13
    • Joseph Dickson, after Chronicle's death, rallied the South Fork Boys. P. 14.
    • Samuel Caldwell, buried in Goshen Cemetery, Woodlawn Road in N. Belmont.

  2. ELE SCPA Alexander, James W12190 .
    No mention of Chronicle, Hambright or Graham.
    Moss, P@KM:, p. 2, served under captains Malcolm Henry, John Barber,Joseph McDowell, John Caruthers, Isaac White, and Cols. Ervin, McDowell, and Campbell. Was at Kings Mountain (wounded) and Cowpens.


  3. ELE Anderson, William L., III. "Lincoln County Men at Kings Mountain. 31 pages. Copyright © 2009 – 2015 by William Lee Anderson III. All rights reserved. Graph on p.25 shows Graham to have the highest casualty ratio of any commander at Kings Mountain. Also on page 25 is stated
    Between 60 to 80 Lincoln County men participated at Kings Mountain. Fortunately, most of their names are known. Many were from what is now Gaston County.. At the battle, they blocked the only road escape, and thus engaged in severe fighting. Of these men, 4 died at Kings Mountain, 1 was mortally wounded, and 6 were wounded. Thus, about 1 in 6 was a casualty. That was the highest casualty proportion of any military unit.
    61 names are given with 24 having links to pension applications [Note: WLA-III does not describe this group as "South Fork Boys" but describes them as "Lincoln County Patriot Names", but it reasonable to consider the "South Fork Boys" to have been included in their number. Pension applications for any named, identified by ELE SCPA will be examined for evidence of their being included in "South Fork Boys"].

    Early actions listed:
    July–October 1776, Campaign against Cherokees,p.4
    September 1780, Graham's Fort, p.8
    September-October 1780, Kings Mountain, p.8

    Subsequent actions listed:
    1 February 1781, Cowan’s Ford, p.26
    February-March 1781, Pyle’s Defeat, Clapp’s Mill, Weitzell’s Mill, p.27
    March–July 1781, Crooked Creek, Rugeley’s Mill, p.27
    September–November 1781, Wilmington, p.28.

    Sources listed: pp.28-31.


  4. ELE Anderson, William L., III. "Lincoln County Men at Kings Mountain (slides). Copyright © 2014 by EleHistory Research. All rights reserved. Similar to the above.

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  5. ELE SCPA Barkley, Robert W117252
    Chronicle not mentioned. Graham mentioned.
    Moss, P@KM:, p. 12, under Cols. William Graham and Waddell. At Kings Mountain.

  6. Boyd, John
    See "Chronicle Marker at Kings Mountain NMP."
    Moss: P@KM, p.24.

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  7. ELE SCPA Caldwell, Samuel W528 .
    Chronicle mentioned, but not in context with Kings Mountain.
    Moss, P@KM:, p. 34, Under Capt, Isaac White at King Mountain. Under Capt. Robert Montgomery at Cowpens (wouunded).

  8. Chittim, John, Private John Chittim, Wounded at the Battle of Kings Mountain ...".
    Chronicle mentioned.
    Moss, P@KM:, p. 46, Under Capt. Samuel Martin and Lt.Col. Hambright at Kings Mountain (wounded).


  9. Chronicle Marker at Kings Mountain NMP     Also, see Jones, Randall "My Turn..."
    DocSouth Source webpage with details
    1815 (ca. 1814?) "Original Chronicle Marker"

    Click to enlarge. Click again for slightly larger.

    DocSouth Source webpage with details
    1914 (ca. 1909?) "Additional Chronicle Marker"

    Click to enlarge. Click again for slightly larger.

    SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF
    MAJOR WILLIAM CHRONICLE, CAPTAIN JOHN MATTOCKS,
    WILLIAM RABB AND JOHN BOYD
    WHO WERE KILLED AT THIS PLACE ON THE 7TH OF
    OCTOBER, 1780 FIGHTING IN DEFENSE OF AMERICA.
    ...


  10. Chronicle, William, Major
    Diane Siniard listing ©, #4. ref's.
    Draper, KM&IH: Chronicle, Maj. Wm.. noticed, 3, 214, 219, 225, 231-32, 257, 278, 322, 477, 521, 5.19, 551.
    See "Chronicle Marker at Kings Mountain NMP".
  11. "Chronicle, William, Major, Profile of". Maj. Wm. Chronicle Chapter, DAR. "... leader of a group of militiamen known as the South Fork Boys because many of them were from the region of the South Fork of the Catawba River."
    Chronicle born about 1755. In 1775, he would have been ca. 20 years old. In 1780, he would have been ca. 25 years old.


  12. ELE SCPA Conn, James S15386 .
    Col. Graham mentioned in context with Kings Mountain, but Chronicle was not mentioned.
    Moss, P@KM:, p. 53, under Capt. Samuel Miller and Maj. Joseph McDowell at Kings Mountain.

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  13. Google DeAnna, Peter, mural "Major William Chronicle and His South Fork Boys"., 1940, p.30-32, Anita Price Davis, New Deal Art in North Carolina ..." . B&w image shown.
    WorldCat WorldCat: find in an area library.
    Description of mural in Belmont City Hall. Color snippet shown. 115 N. Main St., Belmont NC 28012. Coordinates: 35.243871, -81.038334.

  14. Dickson, Joseph: West, Mike: "Hero of Revolutionary War settled in Rutherford County (TN)". . Describes role of Joseph Dickson.
    Moss, P@KM:, p. 68, ... As a major, he commanded the South Fork men in the battle at Kings Mountain.
    Draper, KM&IH: Dickson, Maj. Joseph, noticcd, . 85, 257, 477

  15. JR Draper, Lyman Coleman, Kings Mountain and Its Heroes, Peter G. Thompson, Publisher, Cincinnati OH, 1881. This version was downloaded from Archive Internet Archive, reduced in filesize, and modified to be full-text searchable by John Robertson.
    Abbreviated: Draper, KM&IH
    Chronicle, Maj. Wm.. noticed, 3, 214, 219, 225, 231-32, 257, 278, 322, 477, 521, 5.19, 551.
    Dickson, Maj. Joseph, noticcd, . 85, 257, 477
    Graham, Col. Wm., sketch of, 476, at Cedar Springs, 83,97. pp. 100, 102, his fort attacked, 145-46; mentioned, 149, 193. 232, 280.
    Hambright. Lt.-Col. Frederick, sketch of, 476-77 ; noticed, 3, 193, 214-15, 232, 233, 234, 244, 257, 273, 278, 303, 549, 550.
    Henry, Robert, cited, 119, 122, 150, 198, 214, 224, 226, 228, 232, 257-59, 279-80, 284, 292, 303, 365-67, 473.
    Tuckasegie Ford, mentioned, 192

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  16. ELE SCPA Espey, James S31668 .
    Chronicle not mentioned. At Kings Mountain under Captain Isaac White. Subsequent service was given as under Captain White and Col. William Grimes [likely Graham].
    Moss, P@KM: p.79, under Isaac White at Kings Mountain. Later under Capt. White and Col. William Grimes.

  17. ELE SCPA Espey, Samuel S6824 .
    Wounded at Kings Mountain, possibly under Col. William Graham. Graham stated that Samuel Espey served as a captain in his command.
    Moss, P@KM: p.79, In May 1780 made a captain in Graham's regiment. Arm broken at Kings Mountain.

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  18. ELE SCPA Floyd, Andrew S21757 .
    Mentions Kings Mountain but does not state specifically that he was involved. Served as adjutant to Graham and Hambright at Ramsours Mill.
    Moss, P@KM: p.86, adjutant under Capt. Robert Anderson and Cols. Graham and Hambright and was in the battle of Kings Mountain.

  19. ELE SCPA Forney, Abraham W3976 .
    Served under Hambright and Graham at Kings Mountain. With Williams in approach to Cowpens.
    Moss, P@KM: p.87, under Capt. Baldridge and Col. Graham and was in the battle at Kings Mountain.

  20. ELE SCPA Furgason (Ferguson), James S1816 .
    Under Graham with Williams in approach to Kings Mountain.
    Moss, P@KM: p.90, under Capt. Isaac White and Col. William Graham and was in the battle at Kings Mountain.

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  21. ELE SCPA Glenn, James S21768 .
    Served under Captain Malcolm Henry and Col. William Graham at Kings Mountain.
    Moss, P@KM: p.96, under Capt. Malcolm Henry and Col. William Graham and was in battle at Kings Mountain.

  22. ELE SCPA Graham, William S8624 .
    1779 Commanded Lincoln County Regiment. Surname is sometimes shown as Grimes in pension applications.
    Draper, KM&IH: Graham, Col. Wm., sketch of, 476, at Cedar Springs, 83,97. pp. 100, 102, his fort attacked, 145-46; mentioned, 149, 193. 232, 280.
    Moss, P@KM: p.99, ... the oldest colonel on the frontier of North Carolina. ... left his command to visit his sick wife a little before the battle at Kings Mountain and hastily returned near the end of the battle.

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  23. Hambright, Frederick, Wiki Wiki: "Frederick Hambright". "When the war reached Tryon County in 1777, Hambright joined the colonial cause as a lieutenant colonel of the Lincoln County troops, (locally known as "The South Fork Boys")." One of the rare instances of all Lincoln County militia being referred to as "South Fork Boys". Note source.
    Draper, KM&IH:Hambright. Lt.-Col. Frederick, sketch of, 476-77 ; noticed, 3, 193, 214-15, 232, 233, 234, 244, 257, 273, 278, 303, 549, 550.
    Moss, P@KM: p.106, ... after succeeding Col. Graham, he was in the battle at Kings Mountain, where he was seriously wounded in the thigh.
    Diane Siniard listing ©, #1. ref's.

  24. Hambright, John H., son of Frederick Hambright.
    Diane Siniard listing ©, #3.
    Moss, P@KM: p.107, ... was elected during the fall of 1779 as captain of a company under Col. Grimes [Graham?]. Hambright was in the battle at Kings Mountain.
    SCPA Hambright, John H. W932 .

  25. ELE SCPA Hamilton, Charles R4512 .
    ... under Captain Malcolm Henry & Colonel John Barbour [see Henry, Malcom, following] at the Battle of King's Mountain.
    Moss, P@KM: p.107, ... was under Capt. Malcolm Henry and Col. Charles Barbour.... He was in the battle at Kings Mountain and was slightly wounded.

  26. ELE SCPA Henry, Malcolm S16866 .
    He, this applicant, was sent to Shelby by Colonel Graham to know of Shelby where the troops under his command should join those under Shelby. It was agreed that all the troops should rendezvous at the Cowpens 16 miles from the Cherokee Ford on Broad River. It was then expected that Ferguson and his Tories were there. On the same evening Colonel Graham marched to that place with his command and met the troops commanded by Colonel Shelby, Col. Campbell [William Campbell], Colonel Sevier, Colonel Cleveland [Benjamin Cleveland], Col. Williams [James Williams] and other officers not recollected.

    ...

    He, this applicant, was in the front with his company as an advanced guard. According to their orders the Army marched to King's Mountain and fought the memorable battle at that place 7th day of October 1780. He, this applicant, says that his Company brought on the engagement and the first guns fired upon that occasion were fired by his company.

    ...

    He states that in May 1780 he was commissioned a Captain; who signed the commission or by what authority it was made out he cannot now say. The commission was given to him by his Colonel, Colonel Graham.

    ...

    ... the said Malcolm Henry served under Colonel Graham of North Carolina Hambright and Colonel Moffett and Colonel Hambright of South Carolina and that the said Henry and him was in the battle of Kings Mountain together and that he the said Henry commanded a company in that battle.


    Moss, P@KM: p.119, ... captain ... under Col. Graham and was in the battle[s] of ... Kings Mountain.


  27. JR Henry, Robert, Narrative of the battle of Cowan's Ford, February 1st, 1781, Publ. by D. Schenck, Sr. Greensboro NC, 1891. Includes "Narrative of the Battle of Kings Mountain" by Captain David Vance. Also available I-Archive here. Frequently quoted by Draper but not included in Kings Mountain and Its Heroes.
    Draper, KM&IH: Henry, Robert, cited, 119, 122, 150, 198, 214, 224, 226, 228, 232, 257-59, 279-80, 284, 292, 303, 365-67, 473.
    Moss, P@KM: p.119, ... was at Kings Mountain under Major Chronicle. He was transfixed by a British bayonet which pinned his hand to his thigh. ...
    GBooks Russell, Richard, Robert Henry: A Western Carolina Patriot. The History Press, 2013 - History - 191 pages.

  28. ELE SCPA Hill, James W3815 .
    ... entered in the year 1779 as a volunteer and was commissioned as a Lieutenant and served as such in different expeditions under the command of General Rutherford [Griffith Rutherford], Colonel William Graham &c was through the State of South Carolina & North Carolina in order to keep down the Tories and was in the battle of King's Mountain where Colonel Ferguson [Patrick Ferguson] was defeated the 7th of October 1780 ...
    ...
    ... His commission was signed by Col. William Graham ...

    Moss, P@KM: p.122, ... volunteered during 1779, was commissioned lieutenant and served several tours under Col. Graham and Gen. Rutherford. He was in the battle at Kings Mountain ...

  29. ELE SCPA Hill, Thomas W663 .
    ... from thence joining Colonel William Graham's Regiment, marched to King's Mountain and was in that engagement, -- from thence marched down to Lincoln County and was there were dismissed by his Captain Isaac White without any written discharge
    Moss, P@KM: p.122, ... under Capt. Isaac White and Col. Graham and was in the battle[s] at ... Kings Mountain.

  30. ELE SCPA Hofstalar, George S15176 .
    ... And he again enrolled himself as a private volunteer early in the month of September in the year 1780 (the day not recollected) in the Company of Capt. Isaac White of the North Carolina Militia Mounted Men at the time of his enrollment resided in Lincoln County North Carolina and from the County of Lincoln under Col Greyham [Graham] (But called Grimes) we marched & continued scouting in Lincoln & adjoining Counties until we were joined by Col Shelby [Isaac Shelby] and several other militia Colonels and marched with them and was in the Battle of King's Mountain against the Tories were commander Major Ferguson [Patrick Ferguson]. ...
    ...
    In this Battle we lost Capt. William Chronick (or Chronicle) [William Chronicle] a militia officer of Lincoln County N.C. and this Deponent served under said officers three months and was verbally discharged early in December 1780.

    Moss, P@KM: p.124, ... enrolled under Capt. Isaac White and Col. Graham and was in the battle at Kings mountain

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  31. Jones, Randell, Gaston Gazette: My Turn: Country’s second-oldest monument honors ‘South Fork Boys’. Also, see "Chronicle Marker".

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  32. ELE SCPA Leeper, Matthew W26205 .
    Captain Barber and Colonel McClain OR Captain White and Colonel Graham ???

    Moss, P@KM: p.154, ... served under Capt. Samuel Martin and Maj. William Chronicle in the battle at Kings Mountain ...


  33. N-Caralana Lewis, J.D., "Lincoln County, North Carolina". Includes section on Joseph Dickson. Excerpted from: The History of Lincoln County by Alfred Nixon.

  34. ELE SCPA Lofton, Thomas S17114 .
    ... we were reinforced by the mountain men under Colonels Campbell [William Campbell] , Shelby [Isaac Shelby], Sevier[John Sevier] and Cleveland [Benjamin Cleveland] with the South Carolina militia under Colonel's Hill, Hawthorn [James Hawthorn] and Lacey [Edward Lacey] and early in the month of October we attacked Ferguson on King's Mountain whom we totally defeated [October 7, 1780] and killed him together with 150 of his men, a number wounded and taken prisoner. On the first of this month, October [1780], I was elected Captain of Barber's old company [in] Lincoln County.

    Moss, P@KM: p.157, ... He was made captain over Barber's old Lincoln County company on the first of October 1780 and was in the battle of Kings Mountain.

  35. ELE SCPA Logan, William S18955 .
    ... Captain Beaty [Beattie] ...Colonel Graham.... Kings Mountain not mentioned.

    Moss, P@KM: p.157, ... served uder Capt. David Beattie and Col. Graham in the battle of Kings Mountain.

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  36. MATTOCKS, Charles. With his brother, Capt. John Mattocks when he was killed at KM.
    Moss: P@KM: p.165.

  37. MATTOCKS, John, Capt.
    See "Chronicle Marker at Kings Mountain NMP."
    Moss: P@KM: p.165.
  38. ELE SCPA Martin, Jacob S7172 .
    Lived in Lincoln County. Captains mentioned: Henry Whitener, McDowell, Falls Sigmon, John Wilson. Colonels mentioned: Benjamin Cleveland, William Campbell. Was at Kings Mountain.

    Moss, P@KM: p.163, Later in 1780, he was under Capt. John Sigmon and Cols. Cleveland and Campbell and was in the battle at Kings Mountain.

  39. ELE SCPA Martin, Samuel S9003 .
    Served as captain. Under first Graham then Joseph Dixon [Dickson] at Kings Mountain. Served under Hambright.

    Moss, P@KM: p.164, From August 1780 he was under Maj. Joseph Dickson, Col. Graham, and Col. Shelby, and was in the battle at Kings Mountain. Six of his twenty man company fell in battle.


  40. Moss, Bobby Gilmer, The Patriots at Kings Mountain, Scotia-Hibernia Press, Blacksburg SC, 1990. Abbreviated: Moss, P@KM.

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  41. ELE SCPA McLaen (McLane, McLain, McLean), Alexander S17575 .
    Under Chronicle and Maddox at Kings Mountain; later under Samuel Martin.

    Moss, P@KM: p.179, This unit was sometimes under Marion and sometimes Horry. Later the company was under Maj. Chronicle and Col. Cleveland and was in the battle at Kings Mountain. McLaen was under the commmand of Capt. Samuel Martin and Maj. Joseph Dixon during the battle.

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  42. Newberry Library, "Historical County Lines Atlas" [interactive maps currently inactive 8-27-15].
    For our period of interest, these are modern NC county lines compared to period county lines:

    Note that Lincoln County at that time included modern Lincoln, Gaston, and the southeastern 1/3 of Cleveland County.

  43. ELE SCPA Newton, William R7636 .
    Served under Martin and Dickson. Was at Kings Mountain and Cowpens.

    Moss, P@KM: p.196, ... was in the battles at Ramsour's Mill, Kings Mountain, and Cowpens.


  44. N-Caralana Nixon, Alfred, The History of Lincoln County from J.D. Lewis website.

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  45. Rabb, William
    See Chronicle Marker at Kings Mountain NMP.
    Moss, P@KM. p.212. Possibly a lieutenant.


  46. JR Robertson, John. "Overmountain Victory Trail - Join-up beyond Quaker Meadows (Mostly at Cowpens) by Lincoln/Caswell Cos. NC and SC Militia" . This site is heavily dependent upon the excellent research of William L. Anderson III, and also benefits from that of Randall Jones and Chivous Bradley. The routes followed by 28% of the Americans fighting at Kings Mountain, including those from Lincoln County NC (think "South Fork Boys"), those fighting at the hottest spot in the battle, has at long last been recovered from the William Hill induced befuddlement of Lyman Coleman Draper (to whom - Draper - we are otherwise deeply indebted for most of what we know about the Battle at Kings Mountain, quoting Dr. Bobby G. Moss).


    Contains Custom Google map of current OVNHT militia route to which is added those joining after Quaker Meadows (mostly at Cowpens). Lincolnton County militia route to Kings Mountain can be followed by first resting the cursor on then clicking on the following cyan waypoints:
    a. Tuckaseegee Ford (shown between Gastonia and Charlotte), northward to.
    b. Beatty's Ford, northward to
    c. Sherrill's Ford, w.n.w. to
    d. Camp 10-1-80 to 10-2-80 (e. of Morganton).
    TIP: from here, it may be useful to enlarge a couple of clicks and recenter on the route as described. This waypoint may then be seen as very near Valdese.
    TIP: Resting the cursor on any route line will identify those taking that route.
    From here, the Lincoln County militia are shown proceeding in two groups (Chronicle and Graham) southwesterly to join the Overmountain Victory Trail west of the South Mountains a day apart on 10-2 and 10-3.
    TIP: In the u.r.h. corner, numerous map backgrounds may be selected. Zooming in will allow you to see in detail the somewhat conjectural locations chosen.


  47. Google Russell, Richard. Robert Henry: A Western Carolina Patriot. The History Press, 2013 - History - 191 pages. Henry was 13 years old at Kings Mountain.

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  48. Siniard, Dianne, "Soldiers From Gaston County That Participated Oct. 7 1780" ©. 42 names. [Gaston County was created from part of Lincoln County in 1846. This is not presented as a listing of "South Fork Boys", but it is reasonable that "South Fork Boys" would have been included in their number. Pension applications for any named will be individually examined for evidence of their inclusion in the "South Fork Boys"].

  49. "South Fork Boys",
    1. Definitions considered
      1. Approximately 20 men under the command of Maj. William Chronicle after the Fall of Charleston. This is seemingly the most conservative and most defensible definition.
      2. Those men, including those of Chronicle, under the command of Frederick Hambright, and thereby of William Graham. This use is seen, but is less defensible than that above.
    2. Known or probable members of the "South Fork Boys"
      1. Chronicle, William, Major, per "Chronicle Marker"
      2. Mattocks, John, Captain, per "Chronicle Marker"
      3. Rabb, William, per "Chronicle Marker"
      4. Boyd, John, per "Chronicle Marker"
      5. Mattocks, Charles, (brother of John) per Moss, P@KM, p. 165. Siniard #9
      6. Leeper, Matthew. per Moss, P@KM, p. 154. Siniard #9.
      7. Barry, Andrew per Moss, P@KM, p. 12, Siniard, #19
      8. Gilmer, Enoch per Moss, P@KM p.95, Siniard #20
      9. Dickson, Joseph per Moss, P@KM p.68. Commanded the South Fork Boys after Chronicle's death. Siniard #37.
      10. Armstrong, Matthew. per Moss, P@KM p.7. Siniard #38.
      11. McLean (MacLean), William, Dr. per Moss, P@KM p.161. From South Fork community. May have been in battle. Siniard #5.

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  50. ELE SCPA Tubb, John S32560 .
    Served under John Keruth [Carruth], Col. Graham. Was at Kings Mountain, wounded.

    Moss, P@KM: p.196, In 1779 ... in the fall of that year he was under Capt. John Carruth ... in Lincoln County, North Carolina. He was wounded in his right arm and side during the battle at Kings Mountain.

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